Peru, located in western South America, is the third largest country on the continent after Brazil and Argentina. It fascinates by its diversity and the three different landscape zones: Coast (Costa), Highlands (Sierra) and Rainforest (Selva). The coast is a relatively narrow section that is mainly made up of a desert region. The highlands consist of the Andes Mountains, reaching its peak at over 6,700 meters above sea level. The rainforest begins in the eastern Andes. Here, still close to the mountains, are a number of coffee growing regions. Around 30 million people live in Peru, with a large proportion of indigenous people. Nearly 10 million people now live in the capital Lima, directly on the Pacific.
The coffee regions are spread over three areas, the north, the centre and the south. While the south, in the state of Cusco, produces only small quantities, the largest and thus most important area is the north.
Almost 50% of the annual green coffees are grown here. The different qualities come from the regions Cajamarca, Amazonas and San Martin. The coffee producers are usually small farmers, who own on average between 2 to 5 hectares of land. Until today, the biggest difficulty is the accessibility in the mountain areas. Sometimes, one can spend hours in the car to reach the different areas on unpaved roads. Unfortunately, the missing infrastructure also has a negative effect on the support of the population, for example in health care, as well as in education.
The coffees are exclusively Arabicas, grown at altitudes between 1200 and 2200masl. Farmers are often organised in cooperatives and, depending on the region, the harvest starts in April of each year and can last until November in other regions. Due to the topography and climate, Peru has a number of special coffees to offer.